Frank Kinney Holbrook was born in 1874 and became the first black intercollegiate athlete of the University of Iowa and also one of the first African Americans to participate on a college varsity squad. Holbrook was a superb athlete, lettering in both football and track in 1895 and was described as “one of the best halfbacks in the west”. It is unknown how he became a part of the football team, all that is known is that in 1895 the University did not have an “official team” and hired no coach. During this season the team went 2-5. The next year was a great one for the Hawkeyes, where they won their first conference title. During that season, Holbrook was the Hawkeyes leading scoring and was instrumental in victories over Kansas and Missouri. The Missouri game in particular is of worthy of mention because of the violence and weaponry brought by the Missouri fans and their chants to “kill the negro”.